We suggest you to go on an exciting journey through the most amazing natural landscapes. These unusual landscapes are created only by nature itself.
Every time, when faced with an amazing and previously unprecedented landscape, we do not get tired of wondering how diverse and unexpected our planet is. We are surprised at how sophisticated and unpredictable the nature that creates such a variety of landscapes. Some of them admire their beauty and harmony, while others simply stun their uniqueness and uniqueness. Today we will try to find the most striking and unusual landscapes from around the world, which can surprise even the most, experienced travelers.
01. Dallol Volcano, Ethiopia
The crater of this volcano quite plausibly demonstrates what is happening on Io, the satellite of Jupiter: a lot of gurgling geysers, fantastic colors and an insistent smell of sulfur. Located below all other volcanoes in the world – minus 48 m from the sea level – Dallol is still active, so that nearby neighborhoods continuously boil and boil. But the last major eruption occurred in 1926 – that’s when the “extraterrestrial” lake was formed, which is a bizarre salt formation framed by puddles of green and violet liquid.
Dallol Crater is the hottest place on earth: the average annual temperature here is 34 degrees Celsius. In such heat and such an aggressive environment, no form of life can exist, except for bacteria. It is they who provide vivid color memories to each visitor of this unfriendly place.
Getting to Dallol is not so easy – despite the sheer abundance of natural resources, there are no roads there. This place is visited regularly only by caravans of camels, on the humps of which the salt extracted here is exported.
02. Tsingy-de-Bemaraha, Madagascar
The difficult-to-pronounce name of this reserve comes from the even more complex word mitsingitsignia, which in Malagasy means “walking on tiptoe”. Indeed, when looking at the local landscape, the thought of some other kind of movement does not even come to mind.
The famous Stone Forest was formed as a result of the erosion of calcareous rocks: instead of the usual mountains, a palisade of sharp stone peaks here rises. Among them rare trees break through, the same rare animals – lemurs – fly and equally rare birds flit. Below, at the foot, you also will not get bored: there are forest canyons, mysterious caves and the dark waters of the Manambolo River.
The reserve here was organized in 1927 with the aim of preserving natural conditions, and until now some of its parts are closed to visitors. But those that are available, still seem to be brought here from somewhere outside the Earth.
03. Moon Valley, Brazil
The lunar valley is located in the national park of Chapada dus Veidirus in Brazil. The plateau, on which the park stands, was formed about 1.8 billion years ago. Local rocks are the oldest on Earth: they are only two times smaller than the Moon. For many millennia the waters of the San Miguel River have been turned into natural quartz, from which the local rocks are composed, to the most bizarre and unnatural forms.
The vicinities of the valley will also be remembered for a long time: in addition to the petrified remains of ancient plants and animals, their thriving descendants are abundantly represented: orchids, palm trees, pepper trees, anteaters, tapirs, capybaras, nandu, etc. In 2001, the national park of Chapada do Veideirus was included a UNESCO World Heritage Site. And the only thing that can confuse this decision is that it was taken only forty years after the opening of the valley.
04. Lake Kliluk, Canada
Spotted Lake Kliluk is one of the strangest places on Earth – unlike any known planet. Due to the high concentration of salts (the highest among the terrestrial lakes) and the special climate, in a hot season, Kliluk is a cluster of small lakes, between which you can walk safely. It sounds pretty
Thanks to the salts, the local waters have medicinal properties, and this feature at one time caused a fierce confrontation of local Indians and European colonists. For the natives, Kliluk is a sacred place, with many legends and legends connected with it, it is an integral part of the local culture. And when in 1979, Ernest Smith, de jure owner of these lands, conceived to arrange a medical resort here, this caused a storm of indignation among the indigenous population.
The Indians fought for the right to keep the reserved land in inviolability for more than twenty years, and only in 2001 they bought it for $ 720,000. Since then, access to the lake is limited and you can visit it only by obtaining permission from the elders. This, though not easy, but probably, and in extreme cases you can admire the view of the city of Kliluk from the highway nearby.
05. River Tinto, Spain
Even the ancient peoples of the Iberians and Tartessians began to develop minerals in the mountains of the Sierra Morena – where the river Tinto originates. Iron, copper, silver, gold, manganese – what only here was not extracted for 5000 years! All this inevitably fell into the slowly flowing waters of the local river and spread around the neighborhood. It seems that nothing alive, except people in overalls and helmets, can not be here.
But nature has disposed of it in its own way and placed here relatives of extremophile bacteria from the Bloody waterfall in Antarctica. They gladly began to process poisonous substances for any normal organism. As a result, Tinto and its surroundings were painted in all shades of red and yellow, and scientists received another hope for the existence of life outside the Earth.
The local conditions are similar to the Martian ones, and with what happens under the ice cover of Europe, the satellite of Jupiter. The most beautiful thing is that you can look at it with your own eyes: although industrial developments continue here and today, most sections of the river are free to visit.
06. Dry valleys, Antarctica
The driest place on Earth is by no means the Sahara or the Gobi, as one might suppose, but a place in Antarctica with the speaking title Dry Valleys: here and there they have not been in water for 2 million years! This piece of land is surrounded by mountains, from which, under the influence of gravity, cool, dense air descends at a tremendous speed (about 300 km/h), carrying with it everything that comes along the way, including water, snow and ice.
If we compare these conditions with what is happening on the planets of the solar system, then the closest they will be to the Martian ones. What was the joy of scientists, when even in such harsh conditions life was discovered – a bacterium that for the existence of enough of those droplets of moisture that manage to hide from the winds in the rough surfaces of the rocks.
Even more interesting is another bacterium, a neighbor living under the Taylor Glacier, which also belongs territorially to the Dry Valleys. This anaerobic bacterium recycles sulfur and iron, and the result of such vital activity along with water flows to the surface – this is how the Bloody waterfall is formed. Iron-colored water on a white background of the glacier looks creepy, as if blood is gushing from a huge unhealed wound.
07. Wave Gallery, USA
A striking formation of sand and stone called “Wave” is located on the border of the US states of Utah and Arizona. 200 million years, the mighty winds are turning these undulating formations with an unexpected and pleasant geometry. Once it was sand dunes, under the pressure of time and natural conditions turned into ribbed multi-colored hills.
Now this is one of the main baits for landscape photographers from around the world. Interest in the Arizona gallery of sandstone is so high that local authorities are forced to limit the flow of those who want to glance at this miracle of nature. Therefore, only twenty trips are issued per day. And ten of them are played in the lottery even four months before the supposed visit, and the other ten – the day before the trip.
And if in the low season there are great chances of winning a permit in two or three days, then the high probability – from March to November – the probability drops below 50%. But if you do not get permission in Arizona, you can look at similar entities in Utah as a consolation. They are not as popular as Wave, and less impressive, but more accessible.
08. Saline of Uyuni, Bolivia
Some call this place “the border of heaven and earth,” but this expression is not entirely true. Rather, it is a place where the sky is above and below, and you can walk on it: this is the largest mirror on Earth, so large that it goes beyond the horizon.
Uyuni saline is the largest in the world. In the bowels of a dried salt lake, a stock of natural substances and minerals is stored for many thousands of years ahead. Such a specific composition and natural conditions turned this place into a unique point on the planet. First, the height difference in the area often-odd thousand square kilometers does not exceed one meter.
Secondly, in the dry season this is the brightest white plain, and when rain falls – the flawlessly detailed reflection of the sky. In this case, the depth of the lake in most places does not exceed several centimeters, so that it can be freely walked around observing the clouds under your feet. In addition, every November here flies hordes of flamingo rare species and coloring. But those wishing to visit the saline Uyuni should take into account that it is at an altitude of 3500 m above sea level, so it will take some time to acclimatize.
09. Mount Roraima, Venezuela
In 1839, the expedition of the German traveler and explorer Robert Schomburgk in British Guiana literally rested against a wall that was leaving behind clouds. It was a mountain, but the mountain was unusual – as if someone had cut off its top with a huge knife, leaving a giant flat platform. Schomburgk’s report on the journey caught Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, whose imagination immediately placed on the plateau a miracle preserved from prehistoric times, The Lost World.
In fact, what is happening on the top of Mount Roraima – one of the Tepui, the South American Table Mountains, the remnant of the huge sandstone plateau that existed when South America and Africa was one continent – is more like the views of science fiction writers of the 1950s about Venus: the eternal rain, watering a completely unearthly landscape. “Tepui” in the language of local Indians means “house of the gods”. But this house is rather uncomfortable: the rains wash out the nutrients from the soil, leaving no chance for the usual life. And those representatives of the flora and fauna that have taken root here are completely unique.
It is no accident that the creators of the cartoon “Up” (also about traveling to the lost world) in search of inspiration went to Roraima. And director Pete Docter then admitted that they saw what they saw only in general terms: “It’s so far from reality that the viewer simply would not have believed it.”
10. Socotra Archipelago, Yemen
About 6 million years ago a small piece of land broke away from Africa, which moved towards the Arabian Peninsula. Collapsed on the road to the four islands, the piece managed to escape just a couple of hundred kilometers from his parent. But 6 million years left for this was enough for the emergence of a unique ecosystem here: more than a third of plant species, 90% of reptiles and almost all types of mollusks are found nowhere else in the world. Here, of course, there are no eight-armed five-eves, communicating in the language of clicks. But there is a dragon tree, similar to a nuclear mushroom, from which besides every year there flows “blood”, a cucumber tree – a shapeless smooth white trunk, at the top of which gaily green “cucumbers”, or a Socotran desert rose – also a tree both amusing and repulsive.
Despite its isolation, the archipelago, as recently emerged, was inhabited 1.5 million years ago. In 2008, the Russian archaeologist Valery Zhukov discovered here the stone tools of the Olduvai culture (2.7-1 million years ago). The sensationality of the find is that it is not entirely clear how a representative of this era got here, homo habilis, “a man of skill”.
But it is not difficult for a modern man to visit Socotra – at least by plane, even by sea. It’s better to go in February and March: the rest of the time, especially from May to September, on Socotra is quite a harsh and unpleasant weather with endless rains and winds knocking down with feet.
11. Chocolate Hills, Philippines
More than 1,770 hills with an ideal conical shape can be seen in the Filipino region of Central Visayas, on the island of Bohol. Unfortunately, in fact, they are by no means chocolate, but this does not detract from their uniqueness. They resemble a huge field of giant chocolate candies, slenderly arranged in a tight box. This unusual geological formation for decades put geologists at a dead end. There are various theories about how these cone- shaped hills were formed.
The hills are located over 50 square kilometers and are the National Geological Monument of the Philippines together with the Thousand Islands National Park and the Taal Volcano (the smallest active volcano in the world).
The easiest way to get to the Chocolate Hills is from the town of Carmen, which is only a few kilometers away. There you can stop for the night, not to rush anywhere and how to enjoy this amazing geological phenomenon.
12. Boulders of Moeraki, New Zealand
These huge unusual boulders can be found on the beautiful Koehohe beach in New Zealand, where they have attracted tourists from all over the world for many years.
According to the Society for the Study of Geology of Sedimentary Rocks, “Moeraki boulders are huge calcite fossils with septa of calcite veins, and also with inclusions of rare quartz and ferruginous dolomite.” But most importantly, these boulders formed on the seabed about 65 million years ago, in the Tertiary Cretaceous period, now called the Tertiary Paleogene, a period of mass extinction of species, including dinosaurs.
13. Gates of Hell, Turkmenistan
According to the researchers, Turkmenistan has the fifth largest natural gas reserve in the world. In May 2011, the second largest gas field in the South Yolotan was discovered in this country. Its area reaches almost 2500 square kilometers, which is second only to the world’s largest deposit South Pars with Iran.
The Darvaz gas crater, also known as the Gates of Hell, continues to burn without stopping since 1971. This year, several geologists who conducted excavations in Darvaz in search of a gas field discovered a huge crater filled with toxic gas and decided to set it on fire to destroy excess and avoid contamination of air and soil. The deposit has been burning ever since. How much gas has already burnt out and how many more years this fire will continue to burn, no one knows for sure?
14. Desert of pointed rocks (The Pinnacles Desert), Australia
This mysterious desert is located in the Nambung National Park in Australia. Thousands of limestone pillars grow right here from the sand. These strange limestone formations reach four meters in height. The park is easiest to get from the city of Perth
Australia is generally known for its striking stone formations. The Kata Jute (Olga) massif, Ayers Rock, also known as Uluru, is the world’s largest stone monolith Devil’s marble, the Twelve Apostles, the Blue Mountains National Park and the incredible Wavy Rock – these sights have long been recognized as one of the most amazing stone sculptures in the world.
15. Stone Forest, China
The territory of karst deposits in southern China covers an area of about 500,000 square kilometers and is located in the territory of three provinces simultaneously: Guangxi, Yunnan and Guizhou.
The Naigu Stone Forest and the village of Suogei were listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2007. According to UNESCO, the Shilin Stone Forest in Yunnan Province “is one of the most stunning examples of humid tropical and subtropical karst landscapes. Shilin stone forests are an amazing natural phenomenon, and the shapes and shades of the stone here are the largest variety of all that exists in the world.”
Closest to the Stone Forest of Shilin is the Chinese city of Kunming. It has many hotels and hostels for every taste and purse; however, it is better to book them, as elsewhere in China, in advance.
16. Goreme National Park, Turkey
The Goreme National Park in the Goreme Valley has long been the main attraction of the Cappadocia region in Turkey. It is entirely the result of erosion and keeps in itself an amazing historical heritage. In one part of the park are caned in stone sanctuaries with fine objects of Byzantine art, ancient cave dwellings and villages of troglodytes. In the same place were found the remains of human dwellings, which are attributed to the fourth century of our era.
According to geologists, the plateau in this Turkish valley is a unique example of “the effects of wind and water on the deposits of volcanic tuff.”
It is better to spend a few days studying Cappadocia, in order to fully appreciate the natural beauty and cave cities located on a vast territory. It is best to stop in the central town of the region – Goreme, where you can book a hotel in one of the amazing cave hotels that are unique to this region of Turkey.
17. Antelope Canyon, USA
Filled with unusual and striking stone formations, Arizona in the US seems like a paradise for lovers of natural wonders. Grand Canyon, Petrified Forest and Wave are some of the most visited and often photographed places on Earth.
Antelope Canyon is divided into Upper (Tse ‘bighanilini) and Lower (Hasdestwazi). Their names in the language of the Navajo Indians mean “the place where the water flows through the stone” and “spiral stone arches”. The lower part is much deeper, longer and more complex in structure than the upper one.
The closest city to the Antelope Canyon is the large city – Las Vegas – so when traveling in this region it is very easy to combine business with pleasure. Loving the natural beauty and evening in one of the world’s most famous casinos, for example.
18. Colorful mountains of China (Pink Cloud)
In the Chinese province of Gansu, tourists come from all over the world. The main local attraction is the landscape of Daxia (Pink Cloud). It is under this name that the colored mountains of
The formation of this beauty began many millions of years ago as a result of the accumulation of a large amount of sandstone and other mineral deposits. Air and water contributed to the slow oxidation of rocks. This was the reason for this unusual riot of colors.
19. Huangshan (Yellow Mountains)
Mountain ridge in eastern China. This area is famous for its granite rocks covered with pine trees, sung by Chinese artists and poets from ancient times. The height of seventy-seven peaks in this ridge exceeds 1000 m. Huangshan is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a national park of the People’s Republic of China. Mountains formed 100 million years ago.
Later, the landscape was transformed under the influence of glaciers, which left rocks of various shapes. Since often the level of clouds is below the level of mountain peaks, interesting light effects are observed in this region. At the foot of one of the mountains hot springs are beating.
This mountain is located in the west of Tibet. Millions of years ago, Mount Kailas rose with a plateau from the ocean floor, and then water and wind honed its facets, giving it a pyramidal shape. Four world religions consider Kailas a sacred place. Hindus believe that the powerful god Shiva lives on Kailash.
From the point of view of eastern cosmology, Mount Kailas is the center through which the axis of the universe passes. Kailash identifies a pyramidal shape with a snow cap, and the faces are oriented almost exactly along the sides of the world, its slopes are intersected by quaintly arranged cracks that form a swastika. The exact height of the peak is not defined, since the mountain “breathes” – every year its height varies by several tens of meters. It is believed that it is at the peak of Kailas that the entrance to the mysterious country of Shambhala is located.
21. Grand Canyon
In the north-west of Arizona is one of the most unique corners of the Earth – the Grand Canyon. The Grand Canyon is neither the largest nor the deepest in the world – it is valued for its harmonious combination of size, depth and multicolored layers of exposed rock. This is a whole complex of canyons, waterfalls, caves, towers, ledges and ravines.
Each time the Grand Canyon looks in a new way, and the sun and shadows from the running clouds cause the rocks to constantly change the shades of colors. The Grand Canyon is one of the most unusual places on our planet, in which the four geological ages of the Earth are represented. Landslides, water and wind erosion created in the canyon outlines of giant pagodas, pyramids, towers, fortress walls, representing a unique spectacle.
22. Slope of Coyote But, Arizona, USA
These mountains are on the border between Arizona and Utah. According to scientists, it was formed 190 million years ago. Slope Coyote Bute is wavy sandstone.
23. Bryce Canyon
This amazing canyon is part of the homonymous National Park. It is located in the southwestern part of Utah. These are thousands of geological structures formed by years of erosion under the influence of wind, water and ice. Many rocks have fancy shapes.
24. Devil’s Tower
This mysterious mountain is located in the northeast of Wyoming (USA). Its height is 386 m. A cliff formed 65 million years ago as a result of volcanic activity, and unusual curly sides were the result of erosion of surrounding soft rocks around the more solid inner ones. According to the Indian accent, the rock was created by an evil demon, beating on its top into a drum, generating thunder and lightning.
The Indians, who believed in the dark essence of the mountain and called it the Tower of the Bad God, preferred not to settle nearby and avoided it. In the twentieth century, mystical theories of origin of the rock were replaced by sci-fi. So, according to one of the versions, the top is a platform for UFO landings. This version was so popular that even embodied in the famous film by Steven Spielberg.
25. Tsinghi de Bemaraha
Tsingi de Bemaraha – strange mountains resembling forests, a reserve located about 80 kilometers from the west coast of Madagascar. Most of these mountains are ridges of teeth from limestone, in the language of Malagasy they are called “scurvy” (“walking on tiptoe”). Tsingi de Bemaraha almost impassable labyrinths. The mountains of Tsingi de Bemaraha arose as a result of erosion, under the influence of acid rains and water, which for many centuries dissolved the chalky layers. Over time, this led to the formation of 30-meter long limestone needles.
26. Hanging rock
Hanging rock – is the unofficial name of Mount Diogenes in the center of the Australian state of Victoria, near Melbourne. The height of the mountain is 718 meters above sea level and 105 meters above the level of the surrounding relief. Hanging rock became known and popular among tourists after the release in 1975 of the mystical detective Peter Weir “Picnic at the Hanging Rock”.
27. Stone wave
An amazing rock formation in Western Australia is 340 km from the city of Perth. Granite block resembles a stone tsunami. The visible part of the rock rises above the earth to a height of about 15 meters, and its length is 110 meters. According to the hypotheses of scientists, the rock-wave appeared more than 27 million years ago. Australian aborigines noted the similarity of the stone wave with real water and believed that it was in this place that the forces of spirits and the forces of nature interwoven. To protect this unique mountain from natural damage, a dam was built.
Mountain range in the Republic of Chad. It is a plateau made of sandstone with heights of up to 1,450 m, surrounded by Sahara sands. On the rocks of Ennedi, there were found numerous rock carvings, left here by ancient tribes. Ennedi is a nature reserve in the middle of the desert, where unique species of animals are preserved: the dwarf Nile, the Pipes, the Sugar Lions.
29. Ben Bulben
This beautiful unusual mountain is in the county of Sligo, in the extreme north-west of Ireland. Ben Bulben has a height of 527 meters and is a symbol of the county. Originally, the mountain had a high “hump”, which was cut by a creeping glacier. Ben Balben consists of limestone rocks; its age is more than 320 million years. According to Irish legends on this mountain there lived a huge wild boar, which was killed by the hero Diarmaide and buried on the hill Leh-na-muike.
This giant cliff with a flat top-platform about 25 by 25 meters in size is located opposite the Kjerag plateau in Norway. Precestulum translates literally as a “preacher’s pulpit”. The cliff rises to 604 meters above the fjords, formed under the influence of glaciers about 10,000 years ago.