01. Bactrian Camel
We often see camels on the deserts in the middle-east and some in India but those camels mostly have only one hump on their backs and they are called dromedary camels. Bactrian Camels on the other hand have two humps and are now critically endangered. They can on the Gobi desert of Mongolia and the Taklamakan Deserts of Xinjiang. Camels’ humps are said to store water but in reality, these are fat deposits that can then be converted into water whenever they get dehydrated. Bactrian Camels not only experiences drought but also winter. They eat as much snow as they can because snow is the solid for of water and is the only source of water in the winter season.
02. Bengal Tiger
Bengal Tigers are gorgeous in term of their looks because of their yellow to orange fur with several strips of black and mixed by some shade of white in some parts and mostly on its belly part. A full grown male averagely weighs 450 lbs. and the females are a hundred pounds lighter than that. In terms of hunting, they can kill creatures three times bigger than them. Their favorite preys are buffalos and jaguars. Currently they are marked as endangered because of the over hunting of the people for their fur. There are only more or less than 2,500 of these Bengal Tigers out in the wild today.
Caracals have been called as Egyptian Lynx, Persian Lynx, and African Lynx back then because their ears are similar to lynx but now they have been named as Caracals as they are more of the African Golden Cat. They are categorized as a part of the small cats but are the heaviest amongst them. They hunt mostly alone but in some rare cases, they have been spotted hunting by pair. Caracals have a wide territory for a small cat as males can cover 220 kilometers far. These cats are known for their strong legs and exceptional fast jumping abilities as it can catch birds even in flight.
04. Javan Rhinoceros
The Javan Rhinoceros looks pretty much alike with other rhinos but their distinctive feature is their short horns which only grow up to 10 inches. These creatures are critically endangered and very close to extinction. Some of the causes of their decline in their population were the wars in Vietnam and also because of hunters. Back then, they were shot down because their horns were highly priced, amounting to $30,000 per kilogram. Now they are strictly protected by laws as there is only one known population in the world where there are only 40 of them. They are home to wet areas such rainforest but now they are just living on a park at the western tip of Java.
05. Komodo Dragon
Komodo dragons are not really dragons but they belong to the family of Monitor Lizards. They were called dragons because of their stance when they fight and of course because of the fact that they are the largest lizards in the world. They can grow as much as 10 ft. (3 meters) in length and weigh up to 150 lbs. (70 kg). They can be spotted on the islands of Indonesia. One island of which has the most population of these lizards is the Island of Komodo. They can live about 30 years long and lay eggs which are incubated for several months during these periods but not all year around because they mate between the months of May and August. They are vicious predators having goats, pigs, monkeys, and even deer as their favorites.
06. Père David’s Deer
These deer are native to China and love the marshlands but now you cannot see them on those locations because they are considered to be extinct on the wild. The remaining deer are being protected in hopes that these species would then repopulate into large numbers again. They can grow as heavy as 440 lbs. (200 kg). The Père David’s Deer are known to be good swimmer as they lay around on the water at most times to keep themselves cool and refreshed. They have pointy antlers which look as branch tips that give them its distinctive feature.
07. Pig-tailed Macaque
The Pig-Tailed Macaque is a monkey with has a tail that resembles that of a pig. It is wide-spread in Asia and can been seen on countries like China, Bangladesh, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and even in India. If you are to search for these creatures, they are quick and stealthy yet not as a predator, but in a sense that they hide when they feel threatened. These monkeys have already been domesticated on some areas because of their intelligence. In those areas, most of them have been taught not just to entertain people but also to help them as well, such as climbing on trees to get fruits.
08. Siamang Gibbon
Gibbons are a part of the ape family and on that family they belong to the small apes and among those small apes, Siamang Gibbons are considered as the largest. They are syndactylus which means that their first two digits on their foot are somewhat joined by a membrane and work as fingers. They are black in color and live on the tropical forests of Malaysia, Thailand, and Sumatra. Siamang Gibbons are arboreal which means they climb trees fast and even leap from tree to tree but mostly move transfer through swinging its arm from branch to branch. Just like other animals, Gibbons also have alarm signals or calls to either warn their children and friends for threats or warm their enemies as well. Of all the Gibbons in the world, they have the most powerful call which can easily be heard from even two miles away.
09. Siamese Fighting Fish
If you are a fan of freshwater fishes or even just owns an aquarium, then it is most likely that you would know about Siamese Fighting Fishes. Although we know that Siamese people are conjoined or twins that are connected in some parts of their bodies that require surgery to split them apart, this is not the case of Siamese Fighting Fishes. They come in a wide range of colors and have seven species in Asia. They are known for their aggressiveness to one another so it is not advisable to put two of these fishes in one aquarium. Some owners of these fishes even take them as roosters in a sense that they find an opponent which is another person who has this kind of fish and let them fight until they die which most of the time, betting is included.
10. Philippine Tarsier
Philippine Tarsiers would definitely fascinate you because of their size. When we say Primates, we talk about Baboons and Monkeys, and on this classification, Tarsiers are the smallest. A fully grown tarsier only reaches 3.35-6.30 inches tall! So, if you look on a standard ruler, that’s just about half or less than that, smaller than a can of soda. They are also ancient creatures because fossils of their ancestors were found dating over 45 million years ago. One creepy fact is that they can rotate their head about 180 degrees. These miniature creatures can live up to 12 years.
11. Asian Elephant
The Asian Elephant is said to be the largest land animal in the whole of Asia, weighing on an average of 9,900 to 12,000 lbs (4,500 – 5,400kg) which is the weight of several cars combined! They have grey skin, long tusks, and a long trunk as well. Although they are enormous creatures, they are herbivores which mean that they feed on grasses, herbs, fruits, and bark. Their trunk is multipurpose as it serves as a hose that sucks in water for them to either drink or to shoot upwards enabling them to shower. It is also used to pick up heavy instruments such as dead trees also with the help of their tusks. Back then, they have been hunted for their tusks which contain ivory, a prized compound used for a variety of items and others for decoration but now they are endangered and killing of an elephant will get you charged for serious criminal offenses.
12. Clouded Leopard
You can easily determine what a cloud leopard looks like because of their tile-like arrangement of colors on their body. The population size of these creatures is rapidly decreasing as it is said that there are only 10,000 mature Cloud Leopards out there. Deforestation and poaching are said to be responsible on the decline of these cats. Regarding hunting, they hunt either on the ground or even chase their preys on trees and this is because of their large paws. They can be found in the heart of Asia or at the center regions. They can live on either dry or wet forests.
Most crocodiles are carnivores and eat almost any meat but Gharials are fish-eating crocodiles. These big creatures can be found on the deep jungles and rainforests in India. They stand out from the rest of the crocodile family as they have long narrow mouths which are really made to catch fish because unlike other crocodiles that has broad mouths are proportionally heavier as well. The young feed on small fish, larvae, and frogs but when they mature, they only eat fish to supply their needs of course. Stories about Gharials that kill and consume human beings are not true. Although they are big creatures, they feel threatened on large land creatures such as people and they are also not capable of consuming such but they are also known to eat meat of land creatures yet only through scavenging.
14. Giant Panda
Giant Pandas are majestic creatures and have been an attraction to many through the years. They are coated in a distinctive black and white pattern wherein their body is covered in white while their arms, legs, eyes, and ears are black in color. Even though there is another animal called the Red Panda, they are not Pandas because the fact is, they are bears. Pandas eat several kilos of bamboo every day which consists of 99% of their diet, although they are forced to eat other food such as fruits, insects and even meat through rodents and other small creatures when there are no bamboo present. Pandas are endangered animals and they are strictly under protection by the government of China.
15. King Cobra
The King Cobra grows up to 18 feet long and is considered as the world’s longest venomous snake. They could be found on the forests and grasslands of India, Southeast Asia, to the Philippines. They really have a reputation as a King because they are highly dangerous. If you get bit by this snake, the venom would cause serious pain throughout your body as you bleed internally as it destroys your organs over time. It would only take a few minutes to kill an adult human being so casualties are really high. One bite is even said to kill a mature elephant. In India, you might see some people who play music using a flute and let these poisonous animals dance to the music but the truth is, the King Cobra is deaf and it only follows the movement of the flute not the sound it produces.
Dholes are also called as the Indian or Asiatic Wild Dog as they reside on the south and Southeast of Asia. They are not considered to be in the Canis family which includes Wolves and Coyotes because of differences such as decreased Molars but have more mammary glands. Dholes are highly social as they work together in big clans and then splits up into smaller packs when they hunt. They produce different sounds such as high-pitched tones, whistles, and other noises. They can hunt animals three times larger than them and mostly ungulates which are mammals with hoofed feet such as zebras, cattle, and deer. They are now endangered because back then, they were hunted by farmers to protect their livestock.
17. Malayan Tapir
You could take this animal as an odd one, but by the way, it is called the Malayan Tapir and sometimes the Asian Tapir. There are four species of tapir and all of them are endangered by now. They resemble a body of a pig but the distinction is that they have a short snout. The Malayan Tapir’s skin has two colors which are mainly white that covers the animal’s shoulder to its rear side also some part of its ear and, the rest of its body is covered in black. They have evolved long ago with this appearance for them to increase their survival chances. With these, they camouflage as a rock whenever they are asleep so their predators often disregard them. Even though they can weigh as much as 1,200 lbs (540 kg), they are excellent swimmers.
Orangutans are very big animals as they are considered to be the largest primates in Asia for they belong to the subspecies Gigantopithecus which is already extinct but was the largest primate that ever existed. They live on the tropical rainforests of Indonesia and Malaysia which is specifically on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. They can swing swiftly through the trees and climb fast as well. Orang-Utan in the Malaysian language Malay, means the person of the forest which fits it well. Orangutans have a higher life expectancy held captive or in zoos than on the wild as they can live up to 60 years with human care.
We always see a peacock in a zoo as it is one of the well-known birds in the world. Peacocks are most often mistaken as the female of which is the peahen. A peacock is a male peafowl and is the one with the bright colored tail. They display their beautiful feathers by opening it up like a fan as courtship to impress the peahen. If you see a small peafowl, they are the young offspring of the peafowl which are called peachicks. These birds are a member of the pheasant family.
20. Przewalski’s Horse
The Przewalski’s Horse can be found on some remote areas of Mongolia and is now endangered. Sometime way back 1966, these horses were said to be extinct on the wild but with the help of preservation and proper care, the numbers slowly raised. Now there are a few in the wild, around 300 of them and it is said that their overall population is around 1,500. They have never been held captive by fanners to be trained to plow the fields or being ridden on making them truly wild and rare horses.
21. Red-Crowned Crane
The Japanese consider these birds as lucky if ever they see one because on fact is that they are one of the rarest cranes in the world and also endangered by now. They have long legs and long necks as well with a good mix of black and white on their feathers accompanied of course by their distinctive feature which is a red crown on top of their heads. Regarding their diet, they are omnivorous but mostly take fish more often than eels and eat plenty of aquatic plants. They feed their offspring with frogs, tadpoles and other small aquatic creatures they can catch. Red-Crowned Cranes symbolizes fidelity for Japanese, that’s why this beautiful creature is most of the time they symbol used on their weddings.
22. Red Panda
Red Pandas are often mistaken as real Pandas but the reality is, they are not related to Pandas whatsoever. These cute animals to the family of bears and are arboreal which means that they climb and even cling on trees because of their claws. Red Pandas are a bit bigger than pet cats and are coated with red to reddish brown fur with also a long tail. The bottom part of their body or their belly going to their legs is covered in black fur. They are smart and more like a raccoon as they also sneak into homes to get small items or food for them to eat but they mostly live where most bamboos are found, just like real Pandas.
23. Sun Bear
Now these next bears can easily be determined for their signature mark on the bottom part of their necks which is a yellow sun-like mark, more like a yellow donut. You can find most of these bears on the tropical forests of Southeast Asia, Northeast India, all the way to Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and even Indonesia. The Sun Bear is the smallest of the bear family and sometimes even called the Dog Bear. It also has short fur and ears unlike the rest of the bears. These bears are omnivores as some of the foods on their menu are fruits such as berries and sprouts but mostly it composes of different vertebrates like lizards and birds vet they also eat invertebrates.
24. Asian Palm Civet
The Asian Palm Civet is the member of the Civet family which is wide-spread on Asia and is sometimes called Toddy Cat. They have black fur and white on their bellies also a white eyebrow-like fur can be seen on their faces. The have large eyes that enables them to see clearly. When they get angered or threatened, they produce a foul smell from their anal regions. Also, their anal region is what they use to mark their territory and can also tell on whether what animal has just stepped through it through smelling their scent remains. They are famous brewers of coffee in a sense that Kopi Luwak is the most expensive coffee in the world and is processed from the feces of these animals that contain coffee cherries.
25. Asian Giant Hornet
The Asian Giant Hornet also known as the yak-killer hornet or giant sparrow bee in Japan and tiger head bee in China is known to be the biggest Hornet in the world as its body is 2 inches in length and has a wingspan of 3 inches. With the large body of theirs, their sting is approximately 0.2 inches long which injects high amounts of venom to its victim. What makes them more lethal is the fact that they can sting their victim over and over where the venom contains eight chemicals that can cause tissue degeneration, shortness of breath, pain of course, and even attraction to the hornet. So are there records of these killer hornets to actually kill a human being? The answer is yes and as a matter of fact, some people die in Japan every year because of these hornets. On the bright side, Japanese also consume these Hornets as a snack or even meal which is served either fried or just sashimi which means raw.
26. Chinese Muntjac
The Chinese Muntjac including the other Muntjac is known for their barking ability and is also called the Barking Deer. They use these barking sounds to alert their infants from threats that close in. They have been found out to be the world’s oldest deer since fossils have been discovered 15-35 million years ago. Unlike most of the deer family, the Chinese Muntjac has short or even no antlers. Antlers play a big role on the deer’s social status as the one who has the biggest antlers is automatically considered as their leader since they use antlers to fend off predators by bashing at them.
27. Amboina Box Turtle
The Amboina Box Turtle also known as the Southeast Asian Box Turtle is wide-spread all through Asia since they can be found all the way from the eastern part of India, going to the west which is Myanmar, Thailand, The Philippines, then south which is Indonesia and Malaysia but they can be found mostly anywhere in Asia. These turtles have a blackish-brown to blackish-green shell and all have a blackish-olive head accompanied with a few yellow stripes on its side. Some people keep these turtles as pets but if you also plan to have these as pets, you must make sure that you keep them in a subtropical-like environment since they are semi-aquatic. They prefer to walk on land yet sometimes they emerge on shallow water especially when they lay their eggs.
28. Borneo Black-Banded Squirrel
The Borneo Black-Banded Squirrel as to where it has gotten their name lives on the forests of Borneo which is in Indonesia. It is a species of rodent but can easily be determines for their brown covering, pale puffy spot behind every ear and the other side of the ears are grey, and lastly their distinctive Black-Band or strip on their sides. They sleep on the night just like humans and are active on daytime. They can usually be found on small to medium sized trees as they eat fruits, nuts, and seeds but sometimes they also eat ants, termites, or other small invertebrates that they can find.
29. Visayan Warty Pig
The Visayan Warty Pig gets its name from the place where it lives. The Philippines is divided into three which is Luzon the 2nd largest, Visayas the 3rd, and Mindanao having the largest parcel of land. This pig can be found on two of the islands of Visayas which is Cebu, and Negros. They are now critically endangered because of the massive deforestation done on these areas, making them rare to find out on the wild. They have three pairs of fleshy warts that can be seen on their visage. They have dark grey to black colored skin which is covered with hair. Although the piglets are brown with some stripes of yellow at first, when it matures, the color of their skin changes as well. They eat fruits, roots, and other plants as their source of food.
30. Veiled Chameleon
Chameleons are known as masters of camouflage. They can change the color of their skin depending on a variety of situations, whether because of the temperature, their emotions, or simply to hide themselves from their prey. These Chameleons can be found on the mountains of Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. The male Veiled Chameleon has a primary skin color of green and then covered with spots of yellow, brown, and light blue. These creatures are omnivores which means, they eat plants which are leaves and blossoms in particular yet also eat insects more often.