People love flowers. They adorn their homes with them, grow them in their gardens, wear them in their hair, paint them, photograph them and make perfume from them and why? Because they are just so beautiful. The beauty of the flower is not just there for our pleasure though. A plant’s top priority is its survival and being beautiful attracts pollinators such as bees, butterflies, wasps and birds, who ensure the survival of the flower through cross-pollination. Some flowers like the sunflower actually send messages to pollinators. When the sunflower changes color it is because it has either an abundance or a lack of pollen, and the change in color is telling the bird or bee “visit me” or “don’t bother”.
01. Birds of Paradise
Birds of paradise are spectacular looking flowers that get their name because they look very much like bright exotic birds. These vivid orange flowers were actually once known as crane flowers and originate in South Africa where they still grow abundantly in the wild. The back of a South African 50 cent has the image of the flower on the back, and they are the official flower of the city of Los Angeles. Insects and bees are attracted to this flower by its color, because it doesn’t have a scent.
02. Chocolate Cosmos
The chocolate cosmos flower is one of the rarest flowers on the planet, and it does not grow in the wild anymore, but can still be cultivated for gardens and greenhouses. The beautiful chocolate cosmos flower originated in Mexico, and is dark red to dark brown in color, hence its chocolatey name. In the summer months the buds of this rare flower have a beautiful vanilla fragrance, and are particularly popular with butterflies. The chocolate cosmos is a perennial and is often grown inside so as its scent can be appreciated more fully.
03. Lily Of The Valley
Lily of the valley is real proof that small is indeed beautiful. These tiny elegant flowers are droplets of pure white, radiant against their fresh vibrant green leaves and stalks. Gorgeous they might be, but these little flowers are also highly poisonous. Lily of the valley is highly scented and is popularly used to scent perfumes and candles. It is a perennial flower that grows in colonies, and can be found in Europe and Asia. This bell-like flower blooms in late spring and is sometimes known as “Lady’s tears”.
04. Bleeding Heart
Bleeding heart flowers come from the poppy family and are stunningly delicate little flowers that hang in heart shaped droplets and look like they are tipped with little jewels which are actually the stamen of the flower. Scientifically known as Lamprocapnos spectabilis they originate in Siberia, Japan, and Northern China. Bleeding heart flowers bloom in spring between April and June, and are also known as “lady in a bath” because from a certain angle it actually looks like a woman in a bath. They are usually pink, blue or lilac, and can sometimes even be a dark red.
Tulips might seem perfectly commonplace at certain times of the year and these beautiful brightly colored flowers can be found for sale in supermarkets and garages up and down the country in late spring, but these flowers have a turbulent history and have even caused a market crash. In the Dutch Golden Age, the price of tulip bulbs that had been recently introduced from Turkey reached extraordinarily high levels and then suddenly collapsed in 1637 causing mayhem in the country. Tulips have an aromatic smell and come in a great array of different colors.
06. Jade Vine
Originally from the Philippines, the Jade vine flower is absolutely exquisite. Known scientifically as Strongylodon macrobotrys it is an extremely rare flower. They come in shades of turquoise and baby blue and have unusual shaped petals. Found in tropical forests usually beside streams the stems of the flower can reach up to 20 meters. From a distance the flower looks like a bunch of grapes but if you take the time to look closer you will notice that each separate bloom is very much like a butterfly with pleated wings.
07. Oriental Poppy
The Oriental poppy originated in north eastern Turkey, in the Caucasus and first reveals its beauty in the spring months. This stunning flower has spectacular purple foliage and leaves that come in shades of pink, red and orange. The scientific name for the Oriental poppy is Papaver orientale, and it is probably the most stunning of all the genus of poppy. These beautiful flowers bloom from early spring into the late summer and they can reach incredible heights of 4 foot tall and have flowers that are 6 inches across – as they say “big is beautiful”.
Named after the 18th century botanist Andres Dahl, the dahlia is the national flower of Mexico. The dahlia comes from a genus that has more than 30 species. It is a bushy perennial flower that has a lot of symbolism attached to it. In some cultures, the dahlia can be a sign of infidelity or a warning signal. In Victorian England the flower signified elegance, grace and dignity. In some cultures the dahlia represents loyalty and is a strong pledge of commitment and people from these cultures often choose dahlia for the wedding bouquets.
The Helianthus, more commonly known as the sunflower literally glows like the sun, and if flowers were to have a disposition that of the sunflower would most definitely be a happy one. These large imposing flowers have huge brown heads surrounded by yellow petals. Sunflowers are grown as crops and are known for their edible seeds and oil. Originating in South and Central America, the sunflower is now scattered all over Europe and is a huge favorite with children who are encouraged to grow this huge flower in competitions at school; they can grow to a height of 3 meters.
Dianthus caryophyllus more simply known as the carnation, is one of the world’s most common flowers used in flower arrangements, but just because it is common doesn’t mean that it isn’t beautiful; simplicity is often the key to beauty. Although carnations are also known as the clove pink, they come in an array of colors, and it is said that these colors have their own meanings. A red carnation symbolizes passion and love, whereas as white carnation symbolizes innocence. It is thought that the name carnation is related to coronation and that these beautiful flowers were used as ceremonial crowns in ancient Greece.
12. White Lotus
Also known as the Egyptian white waterlily or the tiger lotus the white lotus originates in Southeast Asia and East Africa, and it was introduced to Europe in 1802. White lotuses are a water flower and their blossoms float on water with the support of its lily pads. The white lotus is an elegant, ethereal looking flower, and is of great spiritual significance in the Hindu and Buddhist religions. It is said to represent a state when one has complete mental purity and has reached a state of spiritual perfection.
If someone were to ask you to draw a picture of a flower you would probably draw something that looked very much like a gazania. This vibrant flower might not be delicate and subtle, but it certainly is striking. Native to South Africa it is also known as the ‘treasure flower’. The gazania comes in an array of colors and patterns from shades of dark pink to orange and yellow, and it also has a variety of patterns. This gazania is a hardy perennial and grows from mid-summer until the first frosts arrive.
There is very little that is more beautiful or smells more fragrant than a magnolia tree in bloom. The flower of the magnolia tree is a classic beauty simple in its design, and it comes in colors that range from a pure white to a dark pink. The magnolia was named after botanist Pierre Mangol and boasts of over 200 species. This flower is often considered a symbol of beauty and femininity. Magnolias occur naturally in West Indies, Asia, North and Central America, and are popular ingredients in many perfumes.
Possibly most popular and beautiful flower in the world has to be the good old fashioned rose. Other flowers might be more vibrant and exotic looking, they might be bigger, rarer or more flamboyant, but no flower can touch the beauty of the rose. This honest simple flower has been a symbol of love for many centuries, and has inspired poets, painters and writers. Thanks to human cultivation it comes in just about every color under the sun, but surely nothing can top the simple beauty of a single red rose.
15. Amaryllis Pistils
This flower is known to represent splendid beauty or pride because of their beautiful color. The amaryllis pistils is a native flower in South America, Central America, and the Carribean. They are members of the lily family and are often mistaken for lilies. Amaryllis is a perennial flowering plant. This means that they can only live one to two years. These flowering plants can be mostly found in the flatlands of the tropics or subtropics. They can grow up to six inches in height; their bulbs can bloom into flowers that can grow from 10 up to 60 centimeters in diameter.
16. Blue Orchid
The blue orchid is one of the rarest flowers in the world. There are only a few species of them on the planet. The flower is used as a symbol of strength and peace. The Greeks love these bold, blue flowers and believe it is a symbol of virility and strength. The Aztecs also look to the blue orchid for strength. The people in Ancient China, on the other hand, used this flower to cure different ailments like coughs and lung disorders. This flower requires a lot of sunlight if you want to grow them at home. These flowers blossom three times a year: once in spring time and throughout the winter. The blue orchid is native to the Philippines.
The crocus is a flower that belongs to the iris family. There are 80 known species of crocus that have been discovered across the world. Over a third of these species are now being planted and grown by botanists. The crocus is known for its bulbous appearance. They are found in various spring colors, such as yellow, purple, and white. This flower is known to bloom during the spring and autumn. Among the many varieties of this flower, the autumn crocus is the most common. Crocus are also known to be popular flowers for lovers on Valentine’s Day because of its association with the Christian martyr St. Valentine.
The dahlia is one of the most extravagant among flowers. This flower can grow as big as a dinner plate, but even the smaller ones are brightly colored. Dahlias are known to grow in the mountainous areas of Mexico, but they can also be found growing in warmer areas. This flower was named after the person who discovered it. a Swedish botanist in the 18th century named Anders Dahl. When it was first discovered, it was regarded as a vegetable instead of a flower. The dahlia is also the official state flower of Seattle.
19. Gentian Plant
The gentian plant is a perennial, which means the species only lives for a year. There are 400 species of this plant which can be found in Europe, Asia, North and South America, and New Zealand. This flowering plant is famous for its blue or purplish blue hue. You can identify a gentian plant not only because of its rich color, but also because its flower has the unique shape of a trumpet or bell. Other types of gentian plant may have other colors such as white, yellow, violet, purple, mauve, and sometimes even red. This plant is also used to make dyes.
20. Grape Hyacinth
The grape hyacinth is actually neither a hyacinth nor a grape. This flowering plant belongs to the lily family, but they got their name because they look like a cluster of grapes. They are not, however, edible. These flowers were originally found in Asia and the Mediterranean, but they are also found in various parts of the United States; they are hardy and able to adapt to any environment. Grape hyacinths are usually blue in color, but they can also be found in white and purple shades. Some gardeners use this plant to keep deer away from eating their other plants flowers.
These flowers are beautiful and often fragrant. Their colors are blue, pink, white, purple and green. The color of their flowers will depend on the soil in which you have planted them. Hydrangeas have different sizes and shapes; they have the appearance of puffy clouds. This flower needs a lot of water. Without lots of water they will wither and die, so you need to water them as much as you can every day. Some species of this flower can grow to ten feet tall. They are often used in weddings as they are said to represent the preservation of lasting love.
The name Iris is a Greek word meaning “rainbow”. Irises, however, are not rainbow-colored. They have beautiful blue, purple, white, yellow, and even brown hues. They have a very sweet fragrant too. These flowers can grow anywhere, even in the desert, but they are mostly found by river banks and streams, and grassy slopes. Irises are usually in bulb form during winter, and they blossom when the weather becomes warmer. They were once found to be more abundant during spring, but now they can be found all year round.
Jasmine has a unique and distinct fragrance. They are known to grow in warmer countries and on tropical islands. Jasmine is mostly white in color, but there are other species that are colored yellow. It is believed that this flower originated in the Himalayas and China. This flower’s oil is extracted and used in soaps, shampoos, teas, oils, and creams. Sometimes, this flower is also used as a food decoration. In China, this flower represents feminine beauty and sweetness, while in India it is called “Queen of the Night” because of the sweet smell it releases into the evening air.
24. Lady Slipper Orchid
The Lady Slipper orchid is so named because of the look and shape of the blossom; the round pouch that these flowers have resembles a small shoe or slipper. This flower blooms in a variety of different colors, such as red, yellow, pink, green and white. There are five known species of this flower, and each of them vary in shape and size. It is also the State Flower of Minnesota. The Lady Slipper orchid usually blooms around June or July. It takes 16 years for this flower to produce its first bloom! On the other hand, they live for a very long time; it can live 20-50 years.
Lavender is a small aromatic shrub that belongs to the mint family. They are known for their bluish purple flowers that lend it the name lavender. This flower is used in soothing oils, perfumes, teas, and other scented items. It also has medicinal properties and has been used to help people go to sleep and bring relaxation. There are 25 to 30 known species of lavender. This plant grows in the wild, mountainous regions of the Mediterranean, and they grow best in stony areas. Lavender needs a lot of sunlight. Since they don’t have any seeds, these flowers multiply by root distribution and cutting.
Lilies come in different colors, sizes and shapes. Not only do they flaunt beautiful flowers, they smell beautiful, too. It is not a wonder why many people love lilies. This flower is found in all parts of the world. Each color is thought to represent a different meaning, but generally lilies represent purity and refined beauty. Lilies come in yellow, white, orange, and sometimes a speck of pink in color. Lilies are known to have existed as far back as 3,000 years ago. There are now more than 100 species of lily that are known throughout the world.
Chrysanthemums are one of the most popular and prettiest flowers in the world. They rank second only to the rose in terms of popularity. These flowers bloom every August and November. Among the many flowers that bloom in fall, mums are well known for their variety of colors. According to a NASA clean air study, chrysanthemums are known to reduce air pollution, making this flower is great for our environment! A chrysanthemum symbolizes happiness, prosperity, optimism and joy. This flower is also believed to bring laughter to your family. One superstition says that putting a single chrysanthemum petal in a glass of wine will bring long life.