Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Red Bird of Paradise)

Caesalpinia pulcherrima, commonly known as Red Bird of Paradise, is a stunning and fast-growing shrub or small tree that’s prized for its vibrant, gold-to-orange flowers and feathery green foliage.

Caesalpinia Pulcherrima (red Bird Of Paradise)

Here’s how to cultivate and care for this remarkable plant:


  • Growth: Red Bird of Paradise can reach a height of 10-20 feet (3-6 meters) with a width of 6-12 feet (2-4 meters). It typically has an upright and thorny growth habit.
  • Flowers: The plant produces showy clusters of brilliant gold-to-orange flowers from spring to fall (year-round in tropical climates). These bowl-shaped flowers, about 2 inches (5 cm) across, are adorned with long red stamens, creating an exotic appearance.
  • Foliage: The feathery green leaves are evergreen in frost-free climates.
  • Fruits: After flowering, flat seed pods up to 4 inches (10 cm) long develop, containing dark brown to black seeds. These pods can dry and split open, sometimes dispersing seeds explosively.

Growth and Landscape Use:

  • Light: Plant Red Bird of Paradise in full sun to ensure the best flowering and growth.
  • Soil: Well-drained soil is crucial for its health. It can tolerate some dryness, making it an excellent choice for xeriscaping.
  • Watering: Once established, this plant has good drought tolerance. In hot climates, it can thrive in dry areas.
  • Pruning: Prune the plant as needed to maintain its shape.
  • Pests and Diseases: While generally trouble-free, watch out for pests such as glasshouse red spider mites, glasshouse whiteflies, and mealybugs.

Maintenance and Care:

  • Propagation: Red Bird of Paradise can be propagated from seeds or softwood cuttings.
  • Toxicity: Keep in mind that it’s toxic to dogs and cats.

Native Range:

  • Native to tropical America, this plant thrives in warm and tropical climates.

Landscape Use:

  • Red Bird of Paradise is a versatile and attractive addition to various garden settings, including beds, borders, hedges, city gardens, Mediterranean gardens, and containers. Its vibrant flowers also make excellent cut flowers for arrangements.

In summary, Caesalpinia pulcherrima or Red Bird of Paradise is a visually stunning and fast-growing plant that can add a touch of tropical flair to your garden. With its vibrant flowers and lush foliage, it’s a captivating choice for both novice and experienced gardeners in warm climates.