01. Camargue Horse
One of the rarest and oldest breed of horse is the Camargue Horse. Its origin is still unknown but they are said to be living not only for centuries but even for thousands of years. They can be found on the southern part of France, usually galloping through the waters making it very romantic for those lucky spectators. They were traditionally used for the cattle work of the natives in the area since these horses are of a small breed. Despite their size, they have good stamina and can endure traveling throughout the marshy grasslands for long periods of time without any food or water.
02. Polar Bear
Now don’t we just love bears? We see them almost anywhere, especially on girls’ bedrooms. Stuffed toy bears might be cute, but in real life they are massive. As a matter of fact, bears are the largest land predators in the world and the biggest of its kind are polar bears. They are sometimes called as sea or ice bears and lives on the icy deserts of Alaska, Canada, The Arctic, Russia, Denmark, and also Norway. Unlike spiders where the female is bigger than the male, with polar bears it’s the other way around. The male polar bear is called a Boar which weighs about 700-1,500 lbs. (350 – 700 kg) while his partner, called a Sow weighs only half. Even though polar bears are usually born on land, in the harsh environment they are living in, they need to hunt for meat and that is through the chilling depths of the ocean. Seals are one of its favorite meals.
Same as the wolverine that we see on comics and movies, the small carnivore that you see is ferocious, furious, and strong. Although the wolverine looks like a small bear, it isn’t but is one of the weasel family yet the largest of them. In terms of size, they are that of a medium-sized dog and weighs on an average of 20-55 lbs. (9-25 kg), although the male wolverine can grow more and weigh up to 71 lbs. (32 kg). Just like any other species of weasel, wolverines have a special molar in the upper back part of their mouth which enables them to tear apart even meat that is already frozen solid. In other places of the world, the wolverine is also given other names such as the Gulo Gulo, Skunk Bear, Carcajou, or Quickhatch.
04. Norwegian Lemming
You could have mistaken a Norwegian Lemming for a Guinea Pig at far since they look pretty much alike. One reason behind it is that they are descendants of the same family which are the rodents which makes them closely related. They both eat grass and most green stuff out there but in terms to size, the Norwegian Lemming is relatively smaller weighing only up to 130 grams. These lemmings are active day and night as they keep cautious of their surroundings, even transferring from burrow to burrow in order to keep away from predators. One good fact though is that, they are one of our least concerns regarding extinction as they reproduce fast as long as the supply of their food is abundant.
One distinctive feature of the weasel is its long body and neck. Most weasels also have a white belly all along its chin accompanied with a red or brown fur coat on its back. Their length ranges from 6-8.5 inches of which their tail being 1-2 inches long. These pesky little critters are carnivores and considered by most of the society as pests as some farmers blame them for some losses on poultry such as chicken and sometimes they even take rabbits as their meal. They are known to be very smart and keen hunters. With their long slender bodies, they can easily capture whatever they are chasing and even follow them inside their burrows.
06. Eurasian wolf
If you live in the United States, you definitely heard about a moose and these pictures show what they are but in Europe, they call these majestic creatures as the Eurasian Elk or simply an Elk. They are one member of the deer family but part of the biggest ones around and also that’s one characteristic of a moose. Another is that the male moose which is called a bull has antlers of which looks like a branch with twigs while the female moose is called a cow. By looking on the structure and appearance of a male moose without its antlers and just smaller in size would let you conclude on whether it is a female moose. You wouldn’t want to startle or even worse, anger a moose because although it eats only plants and fruits, an average moose weighs about 350 kg and with that weight and power, it could kill you instantly.
A newt is an aquatic amphibian from the salamander family, but not all aquatic salamanders are newts. They have a body of a lizard with some differences of course. Newts can either be semi- aquatic meaning those who hunt on the ground but goes back occasionally to the waters to breed, or aquatic which are those who live and hunt in the waters completely. Most newts breed on the months of June and July wherein the female attaches the eggs to plants within the shallow waters. To protect and hide these eggs, the mother newt usually folds some leaves and covers them with it. When the eggs hatch, they could be tadpoles or invertebrates depending on their specie.
Nightingales are one of those insectivorous birds that belong to groups called chats. Insectivorous means they eat insects as their food, and one of their favorites are flies. The birds that belong in chats are migratory birds but nightingales breed in Europe and some are at the south-west of Asia. If you have seen a European Robin, the nightingale a bit larger than that as it grows to about 6-6.5 inches. You can tell whether it’s a nightingale or not by looking as its tail as well. They have a reddish tail but are covered brown in the rest of their bodies although its belly fades a bit from light brown to even white. They are indeed hard to find but usually build their nests close to the ground and you can hear them chirping all day.
This large land creature is called a muskox. Their name is coined from its distinct odor, especially the male which they use to attract a female. They are very strong animals which lived for thousands of years and have survived the last ice age by finding places with less ice and with less people as well. The muskoxen are not that much related to ox but to sheep and goat instead. They grow averagely to 285 kg and lives for about 12-20 years. They have this thick wool which is highly priced because of its softness. The muskox’s milk is also bought as some farmers domesticate them as well for these certain features they give. They have once been endangered because of over-hunting but thanks to the strict laws implemented, they are now one of our least concerns regarding extinction.
If you look closely to the face of a Pika, it resembles rabbits or hares but differs since their ears are round in shape not long. Their body also is sort of a mix of a small rabbit’s body but has short limbs same as to that of a rodent. They weigh about 120-350 grams depending on its specie and about 6-9 inches in length. They live on the rocky mountains of Europe, Asia, and North America where they build crude burrows to keep them safe. They are herbivores meaning, they eat plants and grasses. In terms of activity, they are most active in broad daylight. They do not hibernate so when the winter season is fast approaching, they store as much food as they can for them to eat all throughout the season. You can tell that there is a Pika around because of their high-pitched tones they do when they are to go inside a burrow.
12. Harp Seal
Harp seals have been named for their black harp shapes on its back. Another distinctive feature of the harp seal is the black face and silver-gray body they have and also their eyes is pure black unlike most animals and our eyes which are white and has an iris that varies in color. It grows up to 5- 6 feet and weighs about 140-190 kg when fully grown. The harp seal’s pups are born with a yellow- white color and then after a few days, the color of their fur turns into white for a few days. They are also one of the seals with no ears. Although their flippers play an important role for them not just in enabling them to swim but also as heat exchangers as it warms or cools their blood when they need to.
13. Irish Setter
Irish setters are known to be smart dogs as they best play the role of a gundog. They are brought by their owners which are mostly hunters, to chase the animal shot down and make sure it doesn’t escape. They have long wavy dark red fur that coats them which an indication of their specie. A fully grown Irish setter can be from 25-27 inches in height and in terms of weight, the males go big as 60-70 lbs. (27-32 kg) while the females weigh a few pounds lesser. These dogs are great pets too as they get along with children and guests easily.
We all know what reindeers look like since celebrate Christmas once a year and people use reindeers as decorations, mostly accompanied with Santa Claus. Reindeers are one of the big members of the deer family. A male reindeer called a buck is bigger than the female in size and has huge antlers while a female reindeer is called a doe which also has antlers although in some places, does have no antlers at all. Antlers help relatively on deciding whether who leads the group as they male with the biggest antler gets the position automatically. They use their antlers to fight off immediate threats to them. They are also agile and can swim well.
15. Cocker Spaniel
There are two breeds of the spaniel dog, the American Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel but in both countries they are simply called Cocker Spaniel. Although they are small in size, they are hunting dogs and now that they are pets, they excel instead on skills like fetching and retrieving stuff meaning they do love exercising. A fully grown English Cocker Spaniel has a length of 15.5-16 inches which makes them bigger than its American cousin which only reaches 14.5-15.5 inches. They are smart and is keen which would alert you if anyone suspicious is planning to harm you in your home.
Raccoons are unique animals which you can easily determine because of the black mask-like fur on their face and also their tails with rings or strips. They vary on colors from reddish brown to light brown but the most common color of raccoons that we see is grey. These adorable creatures are nocturnal which means that they hunt during night time. They are omnivores because they eat plants, vertebrates, and invertebrates. Raccoons are intelligent, and they can be a big problem if you have them near your backyard. Most raccoons sneak into houses and steal food. With their human-like hands, they can do a variety of tasks.
17. European Rabbit
Rabbits are closely related to hares which they look pretty much alike but unlike hares, Rabbits are altricial which means they rely on their mother once they are born because they have no fur yet and another crucial aspect is that they are blind. These creatures consume plants as their food and are treated as pest to farmers that are affected as they reproduce fast. Rabbits however are now domesticated and the only rabbit that can be domesticated is the European Rabbit. They have been breed to grow bigger than those wild rabbits. People domesticate rabbits for pets or for food.
18. Red Squirrel
Red Squirrels belong to the family of rodents but are determined by its red yet near to orange fur, white belly, slender body, and long tail. They are arboreal which means that they climb trees or spend most of its time hunting on places where there are trees. Its sharp claws and strong limbs enable them to climb trees up and down swiftly. Their tail is said to help with regards to their balance especially when they leap from one branch to another. They are omnivores so they eat plant foods and insects along with little critters as well.
Puffins are relatives with the penguins, they share the same color combination of black and white and colored beaks but the big difference is their size because the Puffins are small birds and another is that they can fly compared to penguins which cannot. There are two kinds of Puffins, the Tufted Puffins which has a thick red bill and yellow tufts, and the Horned Puffins which has a yellow bill on the base and red at the base. Although puffins can fly, they only fly low where most of the time you will see them fly just over the surface of the ocean. This is because their wings are made for swimming and are also short. They catch their prey by diving into the ocean. Fish composes most of their diet.
20. Red Fox
Red Foxes are the largest of the True foxes and they are found almost in every continent. In the True Fox family, excluding the red fox, the rest are endangered. They are very smart and agile as well. Red Foxes are also social animals, as they hunt as a group wherein the parents are those who lead it. The young ones are trained as they grow, starting from small rodents and going to bigger prey. They are not purely carnivores because they also eat fruits and vegetables sometimes. Most Red Foxes have a red coating of fur, a shade of black on their feet, and a white furry belly. You can also rarely see mutated Red Foxes which differ in color and are mostly seen on cold places as they adapt to the place.
Badgers belong to the weasel family and are also omnivores. There is also a species of badger called the Asiatic stink badgers which were recently found out that they belong to the skunk family. If you relate badgers to its cousin the weasel, they differ a lot because the weasel has a slender body that makes them fit to burrows while chasing their prey but badgers have a small fat body with short limbs which make them made to dig. They usually hunt for earthworms, and all other kinds of insects but they also eat birds and other reptiles if those creatures are present near their place. A male badger is called a boar while the female is called a sow when fully grown weighs about 40 lbs. (18 kg), and their offspring are called cubs.
22. European Hedgehog
Hedgehogs where first known as urchins, since they have spikes on their backs. You might not see a hedgehog’s face when you approach it because it would most likely coil itself into a ball. This is a mechanism of the hedgehog when he feels threatened. They can be found in the northern and western side of Europe usually on the gardens as they love catching insects. They can live up to 7-10 years but most of them only reach 3 years old. If you want to see a hedgehog in a garden, try looking for it in the night since these creatures are nocturnal where they sniff the air around them for any signs of insects. Same as the badger, male hedgehogs are called boars and females are called sows, but their offspring are called piglets.
23. Iberian Lynx
These cats can be found on the southern part of Europe and are strictly protected because these creatures are one of the most endangered species. Iberian Lynx has survived thousands of years and is said to evolve from the Lynx issiodorensis. Back then, they were categorized as a subspecies of the Eurasian Lynx but were then separated. Both species originated on Central Europe but later decided to split ways because of simply habitat choice. They can easily be determined for their fur beneath their chins, tufted ears, and short tail. They have spots on their body which are similar to that of the Leopard. Males weigh averagely 28 lbs. (12.9 kg) and can grow up to 59 lbs. (26.8 kg) while the females only weigh 21 lbs. (9.4 kg). This is a big difference between the Eurasian Lynx as they grow twice as big as them.
24. Euro Bison
A European Bison is also called as a Wisent natively. They are vulnerable to extinction and are they heaviest wild land animals in Europe as it weighs on a range of 660-2,000 lbs. (300-920 kg). Their length is 7-10 feet long excluding the tail. European Bison are slightly taller than the American Bison as they have longer legs. They are also social animals as they move by a herd wherein one herd averages on 8-13 bison. Some herds are purely male bison and some are mixed wherein females and young calves are present. Despite their enormous size, they are herbivores and feed off grasses and sometimes leaves and other shoots as well. They need to eat 34 kilograms of food per day in order to supply their needs.
25. European Beaver
The European Beaver or also known as the Eurasian Beaver is now an endangered species. Back then, these beavers were widespread on Eurasia but due to over hunting, the numbers dropped significantly. They are hunted down for their prized fur and also a secretion of its scent gland called castoreum which is said to have different medical properties. Now they are under strict laws and presented mostly at their former ranges along the British Isles down to Mongolia and China. Beavers are known to make ponds on streams or rivers which are where they also live in. This sort of dams that they construct helps a lot in the ecology according to a study where in trout and salmon have decreased along with the decrease on the population of beavers.
26. European Hare
The European Hare looks just like a rabbit since they are of the same family and it is also called brown hare, and jackrabbit at times. Rabbits dig and build tunnels on burrows to keep them safe from predators but the European Hare just uses its agility as an advantage and even breeds on the ground not on burrows. Hares have a big appetite and although they are herbivores, which means that they eat grasses and other root crops, three adult hares can eat as much as on sheep so imagine how plenty of grasses they would need every day. The reproduce fast and one aspect of theirs that enables them to do so is superfetation wherein they can be pregnant even when they are already pregnant, in other words, double pregnancy.
27. European Magpie
The European Magpie or sometimes called the Eurasian Magpie or the Common Magpie is scattered all throughout Europe. These birds are considered to be top notch in terms of intelligence, not only as a bird but above all the animals. They think just like what chimpanzees, orangutans, and humans think despite the size of their brain. The wingspan of these birds reaches 20-24 inches or 52- 62 centimeters and when their wings are freely opened, you can see the evenly distributed colors of black and white with some shade of green and violet. Its tail is usually black but some European Magpies have a mix of dark green to even bronze on it.
28. European Starling