Aquatic fern plant: Characteristics and how to take care

The aquatic fern plant is one of the popular ornamental plants commonly cultivated in aquariums and aquatic gardens. It aids in air purification and contributes to ecosystem balance.

As many people are aware, the aquatic fern plant is known for its beauty, easy to grow and easy to care for. It is reasonably priced, making it suitable for nurturing and creating a healthy living space within a home. The following article will provide essential information about this plant.

: Aquatic fern plant is currently widely grown as an ornamental plant.

Common Characteristics of Aquatic Fern Plants

One of the notable characteristics of aquatic fern plant is their robustness and adaptability to various environments. Although their growth rate is relatively slow, with adequate water supplementation and organic fertilization, they will undoubtedly thrive and flourish.

The ideal water conditions for aquatic fern plants range from 22 to 30 degrees Celsius, with a pH level between 5.5 and 7 and a high concentration of CO2. However, they can still survive in challenging conditions. These plants can vary in size, ranging from 5cm to 30cm, depending on the care provided and the specific plant variety.

Aquatic fern plants not only enhance the beauty of aquariums but also play a significant role in maintaining the ecosystem within the fish tank. They have the ability to absorb harmful substances in the water, such as nitrates, phosphates, and organic compounds. The removal of these toxins helps balance the ecosystem and ensures the well-being of aquatic organisms, including fish.

Aquatic fern plants also provide a habitat for aquatic organisms. The dense coverage of small leaves on the plant stems creates hiding spaces and shelters for fish and other suitable aquatic animals. Additionally, aquatic fern plants contribute to water quality improvement, generate fresh air, and supply oxygen to the ecosystem within the living space. Therefore, cultivating aquatic fern plants is an effective way to sustain the life of organisms in the tank and maintain a healthy condition for the aquarium.

The advantages of aquatic fern plants is easy to care.

So, which are the most commonly grown varieties of aquatic fern plants today?

Here we refer to some species of aquatic ferns that are popular and widely planted:

Java Aquatic Fern

This plant species originates from Southeast Asia. It grows to a length of up to 34cm and has relatively wide leaves, reaching approximately 4cm in width. One notable feature is its prominent dark green foliage. Java Aquatic Fernis known for its ease of propagation, and regardless of the method used, successful propagation is achievable.

Java Aquatic Fern is easily propagated in various ways.

Grape Leaf Aquatic Fern

Grape Leaf Aquatic Fern has a maximum length of 20cm, with wide leaves measuring around 10cm. Each leaf cluster features small lobes, giving it an attractive appearance. This variety of fern is rare and slightly more challenging to care for compared to others. It may take approximately two years for this plant to develop leafy growth, which is why it is less commonly cultivated.

Grape Leaf Aquatic Fern is a rare variety.

Needle Leaf Aquatic Fern

Needle Leaf Aquatic Fern has narrow leaves, with a width of only about 1cm and a length of approximately 15cm. This plant belongs to the same family as Java Fern. It exhibits robust and resilient growth, even in harsh environmental conditions.

Needle Leaf Aquatic Fern has small-sized leaves.

Staghorn Aquatic Fern

Staghorn Aquatic Fern has a height of around 20cm, and its leaf tips resemble small deer horns, giving it a unique and captivating appearance. This distinct characteristic makes it easily distinguishable from other fern varieties.

Staghorn Aquatic Fern is easily recognizable

Narrow Leaf Aquatic Fern

This is a variant of Java Fern with smaller leaves. The length of the leaves does not exceed 20cm, and they appear delicate and slender. This plant is easy to decorate with and is considered the easiest to care for among the fern varieties. It can survive even without CO2 supplementation.

Narrow Leaf Aquatic Fern is plant with  persistent vitality.

So, when caring for aquatic fern plants in general, what should we keep in mind?

Notes when taking caring for Aquatic Fern Plants

To ensure proper care for an aquatic fern plant, it is important to understand and keep in mind the following:

  • Clean the newly acquired plant’s roots before placing it in the tank. Maintain a stable water level and position the plant appropriately.
  • Avoid planting the roots in rocks or concrete, as this can break or damage the roots, leading to plant death or root rot.
  • Regularly change the water to maintain stable water quality for the plant’s growth.
  • Tie the plant’s roots to an anchor or object initially, and once the roots have grown sufficiently, the ties can be trimmed.
  • It is recommended to plant aquatic fern in areas with gentle water flow. This allows the roots to develop and spread. Once the plant has established strong roots, it can be moved to an area with stronger water flow for uniform growth and healthy foliage.
  • Avoid placing this plant directly under direct sunlight, as it can cause the leaves to turn black or fade.
  • If you want to propagate the fern plant, you can cut the healthy root stem and attach it to another surface. After some time, a new fern plant will grow.
  • Regularly trim and remove older or blackened leaves to maintain the aesthetic appearance of the tank and promote the growth of new leaves.
  • Clean the tank periodically to prevent harmful bacteria and parasites that can affect the plant’s health.

In conclusion, whether a plant requires minimal care or more meticulous attention, it is important to research and understand its needs before cultivation. Indoor plants not only enhance the beauty of our homes, but they also provide a sense of relaxation and comfort after a stressful day of work.

Aquatic fern plants make homes more beautiful.

The above information provides essential insights into aquatic fern plants. It is hoped that after reading this article, you have gained useful knowledge and skills for caring for your own ornamental plants. See you next topics!